Four Important Food Safety Tips
CLEAN: Be sure to wash your hands and commonly touched surfaces often! Bacteria can live in many places around your kitchen and home. Wash your hands for 20 seconds (sing happy birthday twice) with soap and water before, during, and after preparing your meal, and again before you eat. Wash your utensils, countertops, bowls, plates, cutting boards, and countertops with hot and soapy water. Rinse your produce with cold water and scrub produce with thick skin with a vegetable brush.
SEPARATE: Raw meat, poultry, eggs, and seafood can all spread germs. Use separate plates or cutting boards when preparing them. They should also be separate when shopping and when they are stored in the fridge or freezer at home.
COOK: Be sure to cook the food to an adequate internal temperature. This kills germs that can make you sick. The most accurate measurement will be with a food thermometer. Common cooking temperatures are as follows:
- 145 degrees F for whole cuts of beef, pork, veal, and lamb (and allowing the meat to rest for 3 minutes before eating)
- 160 degrees F for ground meats like beef, pork, or turkey
- 165 degrees F for all poultry such as chicken or turkey
- 165 degrees F for leftovers and casseroles
- 145 degrees F for raw ham (most ham comes cooked from the grocery store)
- 145 degrees F for fin fish (or cook until flesh is opaque)
CHILL: Keep your fridge at 40 degree F (typically the recommended temp but the manual can be referenced) or periodically go through the food to identify expired or spoiled items. Perishable foods should be refrigerated within 2 hours. Be sure to thaw frozen food safely. This would be in the refrigerator, in the microwave, or in the sink in cold water. Leaving the food on the counter can cause harmful bacteria to grow and multiply quickly.
Reference: CDC. (2020). Four Steps to Food Safety: Clean, Separate, Cook, Chill. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/keep-food-safe.html
What is a fever?
A fever is the body’s immune system response to a bacteria or virus. Most bacteria and viruses can not live in an environment that is too hot. Our natural immune system raises the thermostat so that it can try to kill the bacteria or virus that is in our body. Most viral childhood fevers spike to high temperatures and then ease down, only to spike up again a few hours later. Bacterial infections or illnesses are likely to cause a fever that goes up and stays up for a while before breaking.
When is a fever worrisome?
It’s ok to have a fever up to 101 degrees but for a child if their fever stays up above 104.5 for more than 5-6 hours, call your PCP or go to the ER. For children, they have the risk of developing feverish seizures. Always have on hand Children’s Tylenol (acetaminophen) or Children’s Ibuprofen.
What is the dose of Children’s Tylenol or Ibuprofen?
Children’s Tylenol is 160 mg per 5 ml or teaspoon. Dosage calculations are 10 mg for each kilogram every 4 hours as needed.
20 kg child (44 lbs) the dose would be 200 mg every 4 hours
10 kg X 10 = 100 mg
20 kg X 10 = 200 mg
30 kg x 10 = 300 mg
And so on……
To find their weight in kilograms, take their weight in pounds and divide by 2.2. Get your calculator.
Say your child weighs 76 lbs. Divide by 2.2.
76 / 2.2 = 34.5 or 35 kg
35 kg X 10 = 350 mg every 4 hours.
Children’s Ibuprofen is 100 mg per 5 ml or teaspoon. Dosage calculations are also 10 mg for each kilogram but every 8 hours for dosing as needed.
20 kg child (44 lbs) the dose would be 200 mg every 8 hours.
10 kg X 10 = 100 mg
20 kg X 10 = 200 mg
30 kg X 10 = 300 mg
And so on….
What are some Natural Remedies for Bringing down a fever in a child or adult?
Apple Cider Vinegar. Apply to a warm wash cloth and apply to the forehead. As it evaporates, it is cooling to the skin. Our grandmothers and great-grandmothers use to swear by this method of bringing the fever down. You can also draw a warm bath and add a cup of apple cider vinegar to it or wrap a washcloth with apple cider vinegar to the feet of the sick person.
Bone Broth. Do you remember your grandmother making chicken soup when you were sick? And she used the whole chicken to make the broth? Well, bone broth is one of the best homemade remedies to have while you are sick. The bones of animals (ie chicken, beef, pork) have gelatin and it may possibly stimulate phagocytosis, the process by which a cell surrounds, engulfs and eats bacteria and viruses and other cellular debris. It also is easily digestible and soothes an upset tummy.
Calcium. One of the main functions of fever is to pull out calcium from our bones into our blood to help with fighting infections. This is what causes us to be achy, fever pulling calcium into the blood stream. So get some calcium if you are coming down with a cold, virus, or infection. Calcium from food is better, but you can get OTC calcium supplements.
Remember, the above statements (herbals) are not approved by the
FDA. Please contact your provider before consuming herbal preparations,
many herbs interact with pharmaceutical medications.
If you think that you have Influenza, remember to
Written by Jennifer Bagley FNP-C
Where Family Comes First, In the Heart of Hartland
I became a mom for the first time on January 8, 2002. Miss Abigail Bagley, 9 lb, 5 oz, thankfully a c~section. She was breech.
This was an amazing time but around 4 months of age she started to have colic. She would cry and cry, and so would I. I was a Registered Nurse at this time having graduated in 1996 with my Bachelor's Degree. I was a very quiet and kept to myself and my family.
Miss Abby was 10 months old when I changed jobs from a laid back Home Health Nurse to a crazy, on screech ER Nurse. I went to work at St. Joseph Hospital in Bangor. It was here that my Career changed my LIFE forever.................more tomorrow
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Hi, My name is JenniJennifer Bagley FNP-C. My belief in medicine is to treat the person, not the book. How many times has your provider treated you with black and white medicine? The last time i checked, we have red blood, brown you know what, yellow urine, clear cerebrospinal ffluid, and white brains. Our body is an array of colors.
I will be elaborating more on the art of Functional Medicine in a bit. Right now, I would like to let you know,
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